The most popular Korean measures to strengthen pla

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South Korea strengthens "plastic restriction" measures

hannali, a civil servant of Seoul municipal government, is used to packing a cup of coffee and returning to the office after lunch. Since the new year, she has started to buy coffee with her own water cup and no longer uses plastic straw. This is because, for environmental protection reasons, Seoul has prohibited government staff and citizens from carrying coffee and food contained in disposable plastic products into government office buildings since January 1, 2019

the consumption of disposable plastic products in Korea is considerable. According to the data of Korea statistics office, the battery life was delayed in 2016, and the per capita consumption of plastic products in Korea was 98.2 kg, ranking *; The consumption of plastic bags is 21.6 billion, which is six times that of Germany and more than 100 times that of Finland. Take disposable coffee cups as an example. The total consumption of disposable plastic coffee cups in South Korea is up to 26billion every year

in order to reduce the use of plastic products, the Ministry of environment of the Republic of Korea has prohibited coffee shops from using disposable plastic cups since August 1 last year. With the arrival of the new year, the scope of "plastic limit" has been expanded from coffee shops to supermarkets and bakeries. On January 1 this year, the amendment to the law of the Republic of Korea on resource conservation and promotion of resource recycling came into force. According to the regulations, 2000 large supermarkets and 11000 supermarkets with an area of more than 165 square meters in South Korea have banned disposable plastic bags. This means that in these places, you can't buy disposable plastic bags even if you pay for them

according to the amendment, in addition to the use of plastic bags for meat, fish and other moisture containing products, relevant supermarkets and large shopping malls can only provide customers with metering and charging garbage bags, environmental protection shopping bags and empty paper containers made of waste plastics with gaskets added between the oil collector and the pump body for packaging. The amendment also stipulates that more than 18000 bakeries nationwide will not be allowed to provide free plastic bags from this year

the Korean government has also increased the penalties for violators. The law enforcement officers will go to the coffee shop for on-site inspection from time to time. If they violate the regulations, they will be fined *2million won (1million won about 6000 yuan) according to the area of the coffee shop and the number of violations. In addition, if large supermarkets are found to use disposable plastic bags, businesses will be fined *3million won. Considering that some medium-sized supermarkets still provide plastic bags, from January to March this year, the Ministry of environment of the Republic of Korea, together with local governments, actively publicized the main contents of the amendment and supervised the implementation of the comprehensive "plastic restriction order" on site

as early as October 2010, South Korea began to implement the system of "sales of recycled metered and charged garbage bags", which stipulates that supermarkets shall not provide plastic bags with different hardness values of metal materials for free. Five large chain supermarkets in South Korea have signed relevant agreements with the Ministry of environment of South Korea to actively promote the replacement of disposable plastic bags with environmentally friendly containers. In addition, the Korean government issued incentive measures at the end of last year. For five kinds of plastic products, such as dry cleaners and transportation packaging plastics, umbrella plastic covers, disposable plastic gloves and food preservation films, if the manufacturers can recycle and reprocess, the government will provide financial support to the manufacturers according to the recycled output

driven by various environmental protection policies, Korean people have gradually formed the habit of using cartons and environmental protection bags for packaging. Hannali told the newspaper that she always brings her own shopping bag when she goes shopping in the supermarket. To buy food and daily necessities, the merchants also use cartons and paper bags to pack and deliver goods

since last year, most of the waste removal and classification companies in the two cities of the Korean capital circle have announced that they will no longer recycle PET plastic bottles and white polystyrene lunch boxes. To this end, the Korean government has increased subsidies for plastic waste recycling to avoid the accumulation of plastic waste. According to the analysis of the Korean industry, the Ministry of environment of the Republic of Korea has further launched a series of environmental protection policies such as comprehensive "plastic restriction", which will help to reduce the pressure of plastic waste recycling. The control mode can be set to the general mode of good speed closed loop and pressure closed loop, so as to reduce plastic pollution

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